For this project I had to research a number of photographers on the given themes “Pictorialists”. I choose two Pictorialists, which I pick two images of each one, and after thorough planning I took a series of photos on the theme Pictorialists.
My research about Pictorialists:
Julia Margaret Cameron 1815-1879
She was every bit the Victorian lady with a strong interest in the arts and literature. She was given a camera when she was 48 and experimented with photography for only about ten years but produced some of the most extraordinary portraits of Victorian England. Her photographs can be divided into two main types: those of famous Victorians (such as Herschel, Carlyle, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Charles Darwin and the actress Ellen Terry) and her recreations of literary, biblical and historical events. Her portrait style, of large head close-ups, is instantly recognisable. During the relatively short period when she was active she produced over 3,000 large format wet collodion negatives. She moved back to India (Ceylon) in 1875 and thereafter produced very few photographs.
- she did not sharp but differential focus
- she modelled effect which created expression of feeling rather than depiction of fact
- long before she took up photography seriously in 1863, Cameron had presented albums and gift books to her many friends
- She learn basic techniques from her friend Rejlander, who was photographed her neighbour Tennyson and when he made genre subjects involving her family and servants
- She was seeking to express her ideas of Moral and Religious Beauty
- As a High Church Anglican, Cameron thought that religious art was far from dead and could be revived in photography
- To the Victorian “art” was technique, “fine art” was expressive but not necessarily ethical and “high art” was Christian
- It was a moral duty for Cameron to show people in the light of their potential immorality
- Cameron, born in Calcutta, was married to Art in the person of a husband who had written a treatise and to Science in the person of Sir John Herschel, who had discovered the photographic use of hypo and sent her Talbotypes as early as 1841
- In 1848 she returned to Britain with her husband to raise their six children, to read Tennyson and Carlyle, to go to art exhibitions and befriend G.F. Watts, the symbolist painter
- She created a style in which she could work out her cultural conflicts visually, and so often imaginative solutions to moral and religious questions
- She died in Ceylon in 1879
Robert Demachy, French, 1859-1936
Robert Demachy was born into a wealthy Parisian family which in turn allowed him to pursue his love of art and music, without having to worry about how to support himself. He was influenced by the Impressionist painters and spent most of his time making photographs and developing his theories on photography, both technical and aesthetic. He wrote thousands of articles and several books on photography and was a strong proponent of techniques used to manipulate a photograph such as the gum bichromate process, oil transfers and scratching of the gelatine. He founded the Photo-Club de Paris with fellow photographer C. Puyo and was a prominent force in French pictorial photography. In 1905 he became a member of The Linked Ring and was an honorary member of the Royal Photographic Society. His photographs were also reproduced Stieglitz’s Camera Work. He was best known for his nudes and landscapes. He exhibited his work and lectured internationally before giving up photography in 1914 in order to pursue drawing. His work can be found in such collections as the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, and the Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris.
In ACR I had to produce pictures, which has look from XIX century. What do you think about it?